Links go to the pieces of work themselves, or more information
on a topic or subject.
Romanticism was an intellectual movement that moved through out all of Europe in the late 1700's and early 1800's, and the movement impacted all areas of intellectual thinking including art, theology, science, and even politics. The movement was a response to the Neoclassicism movement which included a return to Classical Greek and Roman influences with emphasis on logic, wit, technical precision and order. The Neoclassicism movement was full of satires, essays, and parodies.(Authors such as Alexander Pope and Jonathon Swift were a part of this movement.) The movement has also been said to have been a response to the Industrial Revolution. Romanticism placed an emphasis on feeling and emotion especially feelings of horror, terror, or awe. As you can see, Romanticism is quite the opposite of Neoclassicism, and the feelings of awe and terror were quite often depicted with the help of nature and religious imagery.
The German poet Friedrich Schlegel was the first to apply the term Romanticism to this movement, and he defined it as, "Literature depicting emotional matter in an imaginative form." American Literature also experienced a Romantic movement that I will discuss in a separate post.
This website has a couple of really great definitions of Romanticism and Neoclassicism if you would like to read more.
The below group of poets are considered to be the key figures in the romantic movement. Romantic poetry can be very difficult to read and extremely lengthy. Poems usually consist of elevated language and mythological and religious allusions that can add to the difficulty of reading these poets.
I wondered Lonely as a Cloud" and his semi-autobiographical (and very lengthy poem) "The Prelude" is considered his masterpiece.
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner " and "Kubla Khan." Coleridge's critical works are responsible for many literary terms used today, such as 'the suspension of disbelief'.
She Walks in Beauty" and "Don Juan."
Ozymandias" and "Ode to the West Wind"
Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience .
love letters, and his two most widely read Odes: "On a Grecian Urn" and "To a Nightingale." Keats was also very much loved by my favorite person in history: Oscar Wilde.
Graphic Novel Adaptation, and I understand that the novel is a very complex and powerful piece of writing, that touches on enormous themes. John Green's Crash Course video on this novel is fantastic and I highly recommend you check it out.
Wander Above the Sea of Fog by Capar David Friedrich
This image often accompanies the text of Shelley's Frankenstein and the Romantic Movement.
Liberty Leading the People by Eugene Delacroix
The French Revolution inspired those who were not witnessing it first hand more than those who were, and the English poets mentioned above were especially influence by the Revolution. This is the painting of the French Revelation and I am sure you recognize it, at least from the Cold Play album if nothing else!
The Wikipedia page on Romanticism gives a great overview of the movement and links to each author, plus lots of examples of visual art from the movement.
There is so much more from this movement that I would like to cover, but I highly encourage you to do more research on what interests you, and let me know what you find out!
My American Romanticism Post